One of the most common tranquilizers is Valium. What is Valium? Instructions for use refers this drug to the group of benzodiazepine psychotropic drugs that have pronounced soothing properties.
Mechanism of action
The main active component is diazepam. This substance has a strong sedative and hypnotic effect, inhibiting the brain structure that processes the information received from the senses - the thalamus. Diazepam 5mg increases the inhibitory effect on the central nervous system of the gamma-aminobutyric acid, providing a muscle relaxant, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effect. As a result, symptoms of stress, anxiety, restlessness, phobias, emotional lability, agitation becomes less pronounced. Diazepam generic can lower the blood pressure, relieve hallucinations arising on a background of chronic alcoholism, attenuate tremor (tremor) of limbs, eliminate insomnia. This is a very serious medicine, which applies only on prescription basis in the form of tablets and ampoules containing a solution for intramuscular and intravenous injections.
Diazepam brand names are Valium, Relanium, Sibazon, Apaurin.
5mg Valium is used in neurological and psychiatric practice for the treatment of neuroses of various origins, withdrawal seizures, increased anxiety, hypochondriacal and hysterical reactions, excessive agitation. The drug is effective in the vertebral syndrome, muscle cramps, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal. Valium blue pill eliminates irritated condition during menopause and menstrual disorders and it is used in the treatment of hypertension, Meniere's syndrome, progressive arthritis. In surgical practice Valium is used for preliminary preparation of the patient for surgery (pre-medication).
Mode of application of diazepam 5mg tablet
Pill Valium is most often used as maintenance therapy. The main therapeutic effect during the nervousness is achieved by injecting the drug. Diazepam schedule dosage and duration of a course of treatment is determined by the attending doctor based on the diagnosis, the severity of the clinical picture, the patient's age. Usually 5 - 10 milligrams of the drug are administered twice a day, but sometimes (for severe symptoms) 15 mg valium has to be administered every 4 hours.
Contraindications of diazepam 2mg
The direct contraindications of 2mg diazepam include coma and shock state of the patient, acute poisoning, respiratory failure, the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, glaucoma, individual hypersensitive to the active ingredient of the drug. We'll have to give up this therapeutic agent to women during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Valium 2 mg is contraindicated for the treatment of small children under 5 years old. Special care is required when the appointment of 5mg diazepam is during uncontrolled spontaneous convulsions (hyperkinesis) and ataxia (cerebral ataxia) of congenital origin, in violation of renal and hepatic function, sleep apnea, as well as for elderly people.
Side effects of Valium (Diazepam)
Doctors say that it is necessary to control your feelings during the treatment with diazepam 10 mg tablet. Instructions for use indicates the available facts of blood pressure drop, the appearance of redness and swelling at the site of administration of the drug, the emergence of dizziness, photophobia, dyspeptic disorders. 20mg diazepam can slow motor responses, broken concentration, develop chronic fatigue syndrome (asthenia).