Adderall is a powerful amphetamine psychostimulant and pharmaceutical drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. The active ingredients of Adderall brand name are the salt of the racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Other names for Adderall are Obetrol, Ritalin, Provigil, etc.
Generic Adderall is usually used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy, two diseases for which treatment the US FDA has approved its use. However, Adderall pills are sometimes prescribed off-label for Adderall treatment of other diseases such as depression. Adderall is also used for the treatment of obesity, however, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists does not recommend such use.
Adderall generic: Dosage and administration
Pill Adderall is available in forms of immediate and sustained release. Sustained release capsules are generally used in the first half of the day. Generic forms are available in different variants of dosing, such as Adderall 20 mg or Adderall 30 mg. Formula of sustained release are available under the trademark Adderall XR, and are intended to provide a therapeutic effect and concentration in plasma identical with two doses, taken with an interval of 4 hour.
Adderall drug Side Effects
In normal therapeutic doses physical side effects of ADHD Adderall vary widely depending on the age and the individual characteristics of users. Cardiovascular side effects may include irregular heartbeat (usually an increase in heart rate), hypertension (high blood pressure) or hypotension (low blood pressure) due to a vasovagal response and Raynaud's phenomenon (secondary). Sexual side effects in men can include erectile dysfunction, frequent or prolonged erections. Other possible side effects of the drug Adderall include abdominal pain, acne, blurred vision, bruxism, sweating, dry mouth, lack of appetite, nausea, decreased seizure threshold, tics and weight loss.
Manifestation of dangerous physical side effects of adderall tablets during the taking of typical pharmaceutical dosage is quite rare. Amphetamine stimulates the average respiratory centers, increasing the respiratory rate and contributing to the deepening of breathing.
During taking drug Adderall by healthy individuals in therapeutic doses, amphetamine does not cause a noticeable increase in speed and depth of breathing, but in case of respiratory abnormalities, amphetamine can stimulate breathing. Amphetamine also causes contraction of the sphincter of the bladder, which can lead to difficulties during urinating; however, this effect also makes the amphetamine useful in the treatment of incontinence and enuresis. However, amphetamine can have unpredictable effects on the gastrointestinal tract. Amphetamine can decrease motility of the gastrointestinal tract, if the intestinal activity is high, or increase the mobility when tract smooth muscles are relaxed. Amphetamine also has a small analgesic effect and may contribute to the analgesic effect of opioids.
Recent studies of the USFDA show that children, young people and adults are not observed any connection between serious adverse cardiovascular effects (sudden death, myocardial infarction, stroke) and the medical use of amphetamines or other stimulants for ADHD.