Scheduled Drugs for Various Health Conditions
Scheduled drugs are the meds controlled by Food and Drug Administration since 1970. There are five schedules of drugs depending on possible abuse and harm, where the first schedule contains the most dangerous or banned medicines, and the fifth schedule is with more or less harmless drugs. All the schedule drugs contain narcotic substances and are prescription medicines. There are medications with various indications in the group of scheduled drugs:
1. Sleeping aid pills are the pills which doctor may prescribe when natural sleeping aids are helpless. They are usually taken before bedtime. Sleeping aids can be prescribed for short-term or long-term insomnia treatment depending on the active agents they contain. Sleeping aid is achieved through histamine receptors blockage, increasing GABA amounts, etc.
2. Sleeping aid pills have a lot in common with anti-anxiety drugs. Some medicines are even the same, for example, Trazadone, which is an anti-anxiety sleeping aid drug of the antidepressant group. Both antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs may be used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, however, they are often habit-forming.
3. Scheduled pain relief drugs have different mechanisms of action and include corticosteroids, opioids, antidepressants and anticonvulsants. They help to reduce inflammation, itching, swelling, get rid of headache and other chronic pains. Actually, different kinds of painkillers are used in different cases, however, all the types mentioned are able to form habit and cause unpleasant side effects.
4. Sometimes weight loss can’t be achieved through diet and exercise only. In case of obesity or in overweight patients with diabetes, weight loss capsules are prescribed. They mainly work by suppressing appetite through the central nervous system in different ways. Although effective, weight loss drugs can cause severe side effects, including heart failure and anorexia. Also addiction may take place.
5. As well as weight loss pills, muscle relaxants work by depressing the central nervous system. A muscle relaxant is aimed at pain relief which is caused by spasm. Just like painkillers, a muscle relaxant may cause a wide range of side effects, and there is risk of developing a habit. There is a great variety of these medicines based on various active agents. However, all of them cause practically the same side effects.
If you have a question like what’s ADHD, then you have to know that this is a brain disorder, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, to be more precise. ADHD is treated by stimulants which may be divided into short-, intermediate- and long-acting. They contain narcotic substances and are prescription medicines. However, if it’s impossible to cure ADHD with stimulants, stronger drugs, for instance, Zoloft and others are used to normalize the state of a patient.
All scheduled drugs are to be prescribed by your doctor as overdose or using it in spite of all the contraindications may cause serious side effects and lead to undesirable consequences.